دوره 15، شماره 6، 1397 (شماره پیاپی 64):266-273

اتلاف منابع بیمارستانی طرح تحول سلامت در زمینه اطلاعات و اسناد پزشکی و راهکارهای کاهش آن

مسعود فردوسی, مریم براتی, محمدرضا رضایتمند

DOI: 10.22122/him.v15i6.3751

چکیده


مقدمه: نقص سيستم‌های اطلاعات بیمارستانی، منجر به عدم وصول درامد بیش از 30 درصد خدمات ارایه شده می‌گردد. پژوهش حاضر با هدف شناسایی نقاط اتلاف اطلاعات و اسناد پزشکی در طرح تحول سلامت و ارایه راهکار انجام شد.

روش بررسی: این مطالعه از نوع کیفی و تحلیل محتوا بود. به منظور شناسایی اتلاف منابع بیمارستانی و راهکارهای کاهش هزینه، پایگاه‌های PubMed، Irandoc، Scientific Information Database (SID)، Google Scholar و Magiran با استفاده از کلید واژه‌های «اتلاف، اطلاعات، اسناد، هزینه و کاهش هزینه، طرح تحول سلامت» مورد جستجو قرار گرفت و مقالات مرتبط استخراج گردید. برای تأیید و دسته‌بندی اتلاف‌ از تکنیک گروه اسمی و جهت تأیید راهکارها از بحث گروهی متمرکز استفاده شد.

یافته‌ها: مهم‌ترین نقاط اتلاف شناسایی شده در حوزه اطلاعات و اسناد پزشکی بیمارستان شامل «الزامات اداری تکراری و ناهماهنگ، پراکنده بودن اطلاعات بیماران و افزایش کسورات بیمه‌ها» و مهم‌ترین راهکارهای کاهش هزینه شامل «ترسیم مسیر درست حرکت داده از بیمارستان تا سطح وزارت، ایجاد نرم‌افزار استاندارد برای تأیید صلاحیت و اوضاع مطالبات، برنامه‌های الکترونیک بیمار محور و کاهش کسورات بیمه‌ای» بود.

نتیجه‌گیری: اطلاعات و اسناد پزشکی، مبنای تصمیمات مدیران بیمارستانی می‌باشد. از آن‌جا که امروزه اهمیت مدیریت مالی بسیار بیشتر از قبل شده است و با توجه به محدودیت منابع، به نظر می‌رسد که میدان مانور مدیران برای مدیریت مصرف، کاهش هزینه‌ها از طریق حذف یا کاهش اتلاف منابع است.


واژگان کلیدی


مدارک پزشکی؛ کنترل هزینه؛ طرح تحول سلامت

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